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A Java keyword that defines a group of statements to begin executed if a value specified matches the value defined by a preceding switch keyword.

Explicit conversion from one data type to another.

A Java keyword used to declare a block of statements to be executed in the event that a Java exception, or run time error, occurs in a preceding try block.

A Java keyword used to declare a variable of type character

A class is a blue print of a object.It is a type that defines the implementation of a particular kind of object. A class definition defines instance and class variables and methods, as well as specifying the interfaces the class implements and the immediate super class of the class. If the super class is not explicitly specified, the super class will implicitly be Object.

Class method
A method that is invoked without reference to a particular object. Class methods affect the class as a whole, not a particular instance of the class. Also called a static method. See also instance method.

Class variable
A data item associated with a particular class as a whole--not with particular instances of the class. Class variables are defined in class definitions. Also called a static field. See also instance variable.

Class path
An environmental variable which tells the Java virtual machine and Java technology-based applications where to find the class libraries, including user-defined class libraries.

In the client/server model of communications, the client is a process that remotely accesses resources of a compute server, such as compute power and large memory capacity.

Works together with the code attribute in the <APPLET> tag to give a complete specification of where to find the main applet class file: code specifies the name of the file, and codebase specifies the URL of the directory containing the file.

In a program, explanatory text that is ignored by the compiler. In programs written in the Java programming language, comments are delimited using // or /*...*/.

The point in a transaction when all updates to any resources involved in the transaction are made permanent.

Compilation unit
The smallest unit of source code that can be compiled. In the current implementation of the Java platform, the compilation unit is a file.

A program to translate source code into code to be executed by a computer. The Java compiler translates source code written in the Java programming language into bytecode for the Java virtual machine. See also interpreter.

The process of superimposing one image on another to create a single image.